The Government of India created the Tribal Sub-Plan in 1975 with the objective of paying special attention to the development of the Scheduled Tribe population. Later the Special component Plan was introduced to cater to the exclusive development of the Scheduled Caste population. As per the guidelines of the erstwhile National Planning Commission, all State Governments were supposed to allocate budget in proportion to the population of SC/STs. It was instructed that the budget provided under SCP/TSP should be Non-lapsable & Non-divertible. However, allocating a budget in proportion to the population of SC/STs was not mandatory and there was no statutory framework. The Government of Karnataka enacted the Karnataka Scheduled Castes Sub-Allocation & Tribal-Sub Allocation (Planning, Allocation and Utilisation of Financial Resources) Act, 2013. And Rules 2017 to ensure allocation of a budget in proportion to the population of SC/STs in the States. Karnataka became only the second state to have such an Act.